Long goods are goods the length of which exceeds the overall length of the vehicle more than 2 meters. Typically, this includes a variety of building materials, piles, poles, pipes, rolled metal, etc. This and much more is taught at the dispatcher training.
For delivery of long goods using specialized transport – trailers and semi-trailers, platforms, tractors. It is important to properly secure the cargo because when it is moved in the body of the car can be dangerous situations that can lead to loss of control and even the overturning of the vehicle.
In addition to cars, sea and river transport is used for the delivery of long vehicles, and no additional safety measures are required, because it is well adapted for this purpose.
For this purpose it is also convenient to use the railroad. When transporting long cargo by rail, it is recognized as oversized if its length exceeds 14 m, because in this case it requires specialized wagons, or placement on two platforms.
If the transportation of long goods by road transport involves a road train that is longer than 20 meters, it is necessary to obtain a special permit, for which the optimal route, cargo parameters and vehicles are developed. If the length of the train exceeds 30 m, it is necessary to be accompanied by the traffic police.
In this case, permits for transportation on a particular route can be issued as a one-time payment, and for a specified period – from one to three months, which is convenient if you intend to engage in such traffic on a regular basis.
Rules of transportation of long goods by road
The driver is obliged to follow the prescribed route, making stops only in certain places at a time specified in the documents.
It is forbidden to violate the speed limit indicated in the documentation.
It is forbidden to carry oversized loads in icy conditions and when visibility is less than 200 m.
The vehicle must have signal lights and special identification signs.
The vehicle must be equipped with fasteners, which must be checked for proper functioning before the start of the route.
Secured oversized cargo must not block the driver’s view while driving and interfere with driving, hinder the readability of the special signs on the car.
The load must not damage the road surface, make noise or create dust.
Regulations on the transportation of long cargo stipulate the use of only serviceable vehicles, so if there are technical problems, the driver does not have the right to continue driving.
During the international carriage of long cargo is guided by the law of transport and receive bilateral approval, so this activity is performed by transport companies that have extensive logistic network and are able to quickly issue all the necessary documentation.