Transportation of goods in containers, carried out, including by motor transport companies after logistics dispatcher training, is a modern and fairly economical way to move cargo. This is primarily due to the fact that the container is a removable transport device, and with its help you can easily transport a wide variety of goods, both in the implementation of single-modal and multimodal transportation.
Freight transport by containers is now quite common. The vast majority of shipping companies, in addition to other services, offer their customers services for the carriage of goods by containers. And there are many reasons for this. Firstly, containers are a universal transport device that can easily accommodate a wide variety of goods in the volume provided for by the container design. Secondly, containers are removable devices.
This ensures a short period of loading and unloading operations, including the reloading of containers to another vehicle or other mode of transport, which ultimately saves the total time of cargo transportation. And, thirdly, the transportation of goods by containers can be carried out in a multimodal mode. Moreover, when moving cargo from one fork of transport to another, for example, from a truck to a railway platform, or when carrying out further transportation of cargo by sea, re-storage and reloading of the cargo itself will not be required. Only the container will be moved. As a result, not only significantly saves time, but also ensures the integrity and confidentiality of the cargo.
However, the main advantage of containers is their versatility, and the fact that freight transportation by containers can significantly reduce the overall transportation costs, which are included in the cost of production.
Currently, there are several major modifications of universal containers. Their design and dimensions are standard, which makes it easy to adapt the containers to carry them by any appropriate mode of transport. Depending on the type of container, their technical loading norms, expressed in kg, also change.
Today, container freight transportation is carried out in the following types of containers:
• 3 ton container. The norms of its loading correspond to 2400 kg;
• 5 ton – holds 4000 kg;
• 20-foot (used already for international transportation) – allows you to load up to 21,800 kg of packaged cargo;
• 40 foot. Its technical loading standards correspond to 30,000 kg (30 tons).
All these containers are universal, i.e. can be equally successfully transported by all modes of transport, both road and rail, sea or by plane.
Transportation of goods by containers can be carried out in different modes. Most shipping companies try to provide their customers with container freight services, as they say, “door to door”. The circuit here is very simple. Or the cargo is directly loaded and, accordingly, unloaded into the container. Or the cargo is first transported by other types of trucks, and only then is placed in a container. However, in both cases, the transportation of goods by containers will for a long time be included in the category of the most convenient, versatile and economical types, among all types of transportation of packaged and piece cargo.